زبان ویدیو: در قسمت دوم مجموعه آموزش انگلیسی برای تجارت خانم Lucy در مورد آموزش نوشتن صحیح یک نامه در زبان انگلیسی نکاتی به شما آموزش داده خواهد شد.
توجه: برای مشاهده قسمت های دیگر مجموعه آموزش انگلیسی برای تجارت خانم Lucy کلیک کنید.
متن ترانسکریپت ویدیو
– Hello everyone, and welcome
back to English with Lucy.
We’ve spoken about writing a wonderful CV,
but alongside that you will
most likely need a cover letter.
Some people consider a cover
letter to be pointless,
but I think it’s an extra
opportunity to persuade
a recruiter to give you
a telephone interview.
Some recruiters may receive
hundreds of applications a day.
So your cover letter gives you a chance
to stand out from the crowd.
In this lesson, I’m going to tell you
everything you need to know about writing
the perfect cover letter.
Let’s get started with the lesson.
(techno pop music)
Now a cover letter should be an A4
piece of paper or a document.
To start, you will need
to include your name,
your contact details, the date,
and the recruiter’s
contact details as well.
Even if you are emailing a cover letter,
it needs to be written as
a formal business letter.
Always send it as a PDF
file, as you don’t know
whether the recruiter will
be using Windows or Mac,
and a PDF will open on both
and the formatting will stay the same.
It should be no longer than one A4 page.
And I advise a maximum of four paragraphs.
Start with your name,
address, and contact details
in the top right hand corner.
Make sure your details are sensible.
Email addresses like
won’t make you look very professional.
Underneath on the left, you should write
the company address and the date.
Now let’s talk about appropriate greetings
for your cover letter.
When you’re doing your initial research,
try to find the name of the hiring manager
or whoever will be reading your letter.
This way, you can make your
letter a lot more personal
and it will prove that
you’re a determined candidate
who wants this job specifically.
If you aren’t sure of gender,
just write their full name.
Make sure you check your spelling,
because misspelling their
name will cause them
to disregard your
application 99% of the time.
If you can’t find their
name or if you aren’t sure
about their name, you
should instead start with,
“Dear Sir or Madam,” or,
“Dear Hiring Manager,”
or, “Dear Recruiting Manager,” or even,
“Dear Human Resources Professional”.
Just avoid, “To Whom It May Concern,”
as it’s a little outdated.
Now let’s talk about the first paragraph.
The first paragraph needs to include
why you’re writing the
letter and the position
that you’re applying for.
You should also mention
where you found the position
and the fact that your CV is attached.
At the end, you can add a
little extra about yourself
that you couldn’t share in your CV.
For example, I am writing to apply
for the role of account manager,
in response to the advert
posted on the Seed Jobs platform.
Please find my CV attached
alongside this cover letter.
Having worked in the agricultural
industry for five years,
I’m very excited about the prospect
of working with a company that has such
a strong focus on sustainable food.
Let’s discuss the second paragraph.
Now that you’ve introduced yourself
and established your enthusiasm,
in the second paragraph, you can discuss
your most relevant
experience and talk about
the specific qualifications and skills
that make you the perfect candidate.
In this paragraph, you
need to sell yourself,
something we talk about in another lesson.
Make sure you’re not just repeating
what you’ve put in your CV.
You want to add something
extra while still emphasising
your skills and experience.
Let’s talk about your third paragraph.
The main goal of your closing paragraph
is to thank the employer for
their time and consideration.
You can also use this paragraph to justify
any major gaps in your employment history,
sum up your qualifications,
and express an interest
in continuing to the next
stage in the hiring process.
You could also show your availability
for a callback and an interview.
Before you sign off, you should try
to promise more information.
For example, I would love to show you
my award winning design portfolio,
or I would like the
opportunity to show you
how I increased the productivity by 23%.
Just be prepared to fulfil
any promises in the interview.
Now, let’s talk about
an appropriate sign-off.
You should end your message
with a formal closing
such as Sincerely,
Regards, or Best regards.
If your closing contains
more than one word,
capitalise only the first
word, as in Best regards
or Yours sincerely.
Be sure to put a comma after your closing.
On the next line, you need
to write your full name
and then you need to write
your telephone number
and your email address on
separate lines after your name.
Although you will have already
put your contact information
at the top, it’s important to remind them.
Including it again makes life
easier for the recruiter.
Now, we’re going to be looking
at cover letter grammar.
My first grammar tip is to avoid
contractions where necessary.
I’m or I am, don’t or
do not, I’d or I would.
So how do you know if it’s okay
to use contractions in
a cover letter or not?
Well, it depends on
who’s likely to read it
and the job that you’re applying for.
You want to demonstrate
that you’re a good fit,
and a good way of doing that is to match
the communication style of the employer
in your cover letter.
You should always use full sentences.
Bullet points are for the CV.
Full sentences are for the cover letter.
You should avoid the passive voice
and use the active voice most of the time.
An example of the passive voice is,
“A promotion to supervisor
was awarded to me
“after only one year.”
The active voice: “After only one month,
“I earned a promotion to manager.”
The passive voice: “Loyalty was recognised
“as one of my strengths.”
The active voice: “I am very loyal.”
Now let’s discuss the vocabulary
that you should and should
not use in your cover letter.
Firstly, don’t use any slang.
This is a formal business letter.
You should also try to use
key words from the job advert.
Additionally, you should use
powerful verbs and adjectives.
I’m going to give you a list of weak verbs
and the powerful verbs
you could use instead.
Number one, instead of
get you can use receive.
Number two, instead of
give you could use provide.
Number three, instead of
help you could say assist.
Four, instead of answer
you could try reply.
Number five, instead of
choose you could say select.
Number six, instead of saying talk about
you could use discuss.
Number seven, instead of to make sure
you could say ensure.
And number eight, instead of to tell
you could use to inform.
Lastly, before you send
off your cover letter,
you need to check is everything attached?
Is your CV there as well?
Is everything proofread?
Are there any spelling mistakes
or are there any grammar mistakes?
Right, if you follow all of my tips,
you should have a really
clear and concise cover letter
that should make you stand
out amongst the crowd.
– [Lucy Voiceover] Okay,
now it’s time for a quiz.
Correct the following sentences
in the comments down below
using what you’ve learned in this lesson.
There are also some
further grammar mistakes.
I’ll be looking out for correct answers,
but please feel free
to correct each other.
Number one, “To Whom It May Concern,
I’m interesting in this job.”
“To Whom It May Concern, I’m
interesting in this job.”
Number two, “I looking
forward to get your feedback.”
“I looking forward to get your feedback.”
Number three, “I made sure
all the customer were helped.”
“I made sure all the
customer were helped.”
Number four, “I’ve give
my contact details below.”
“I’ve give my contact details below.”
Number five, “I helped my boss
“in developing to the project.”
“I helped my boss in
developing to the project.”
Number six, “I love
the project management,
“which is why I hope you
choose me for this position.”
“I love the project management,
“which is why I hope you
choose me for this position.”
Number seven, “I am
available for an interview
“at you’re convenance.”
“I am available for an
interview at you’re convenance.”
Number eight, “Yours
Sincerely Alan Smith.”
“Yours Sincerely Alan Smith.”
Right, that’s it with the quiz.
Comment your answers down below.
– That’s it for today’s lesson.
I hope you enjoyed it and I
hope you learned something.
Don’t forget to connect with
me on all of my social media.
I’ve got my Facebook, my
Instagram, and my Twitter.
And I shall see you
soon for another lesson.
(quiet techno music)